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Comptes Rendus Physique
Volume 5, n° 8
pages 791-797 (octobre 2004)
Doi : 10.1016/j.crhy.2004.07.001
Measurement and society
Mesures et société.
 

Terence J. Quinn a, 1, Jean Kovalevsky b, , 2
a Bureau international des poids et mesures, pavillon de Breteuil, 92312 Sèvres cedex, France 
b Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, avenue Copernic, 06130 Grasse, France 

*Corresponding author.
Abstract

In modern society, metrology is a hidden infrastructure, that affects most human activities. Several domains in which measurements, and therefore metrology, play a crucial role are presented and illustrated with examples: manufacturing industries, navigation, telecommunications, medicine, environment, and scientific research. The BIPM and the national metrology institutes are at the top of traceability chains, which guarantee that all measurements are performed in conformity with the International System of Units (SI) and are therefore comparable. Finally, some indications of the economic benefits of metrology are given. To cite this article: T.J. Quinn, J. Kovalevsky, C. R. Physique 5 (2004).

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.
Résumé

Dans la société moderne, la métrologie est une infrastructure cachée qui affecte la plupart des activités humaines. On présente plusieurs domaines dans lesquels la mesure et la métrologie jouent un rôle crucial : industries manufacturières, navigation, télécommunications, médecine, environnement, recherche scientifique. Le BIPM et les laboratoires nationaux de métrologie sont au sommet des chaînes de traçabilité qui garantissent que toutes les mesures sont effectuées en conformité avec le Système international d'unités (SI). Enfin, on donne quelques indications sur les bénéfices économiques de la métrologie. Pour citer cet article : T.J. Quinn, J. Kovalevsky, C. R. Physique 5 (2004).

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Keywords : metrology, International System of Units

Mots-clés : métrologie, Système international d'unités


1  Emeritus Director of the BIPM.
2  Emeritus President of the CIPM.


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