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Comptes Rendus Physique
Volume 9, n° 7
pages 721-728 (septembre 2008)
Doi : 10.1016/j.crhy.2008.07.004
History and results of the Riga dynamo experiments
Historique et résultats des expériences dynamo de Riga
 

Agris Gailitis a , Gunter Gerbeth b , Thomas Gundrum b , Olgerts Lielausis a , Ernests Platacis a , Frank Stefani b,
a Institute of Physics, University of Latvia, LV-2169 Salaspils 1, Latvia 
b Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, P.O. Box 510119, 01314 Dresden, Germany 

Corresponding author.
Abstract

On 11 November 1999, a self-exciting magnetic eigenfield was detected for the first time in the Riga liquid sodium dynamo experiment. We report on the long history leading to this event, and on the subsequent experimental campaigns which provided a wealth of data on the kinematic and the saturated regime of this dynamo. The present state of the theoretical understanding of both regimes is delineated, and some comparisons with other laboratory dynamo experiments are made. To cite this article: A. Gailitis et al., C. R. Physique 9 (2008).

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Résumé

Le 11 novembre 1999, un mode propre magnétique auto-excité était détecté pour la première fois dans lʼexpérience dynamo au sodium liquide de Riga. Nous relatons le long historique qui a conduit à cet événement et présentons les campagnes expérimentales qui ont suivi et qui ont produit de très nombreuses données sur les régimes cinématique et saturé de cette dynamo. Lʼétat actuel de compréhension théorique des deux régimes est esquissée et des comparaisons avec dʼautres expériences dynamo sont fournies. Pour citer cet article : A. Gailitis et al., C. R. Physique 9 (2008).

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Keywords : Dynamo, Magnetic field, Liquid sodium

Mots-clés : Dynamo, Champ magnétique, Sodium liquide




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