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Comptes Rendus Physique
Volume 19, n° 6
pages 394-432 (septembre 2018)
Doi : 10.1016/j.crhy.2018.03.002

Artificial gauge fields in materials and engineered systems
Champs de jauge artificiels dans les matériaux et systèmes synthétiques

Monika Aidelsburger a, b, c, , Sylvain Nascimbene a , Nathan Goldman d
a Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, College de France, CNRS, ENS-PSL Research University, UPMC–Sorbonne Universites, 11, place Marcelin-Berthelot, 75005 Paris, France 
b Fakultät für Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Schellingstraße 4, 80799 Munich, Germany 
c Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Straße 1, 85748 Garching, Germany 
d Center for Nonlinear Phenomena and Complex Systems, Université libre de Bruxelles, CP 231, Campus Plaine, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium 

Corresponding author.

Artificial gauge fields are currently realized in a wide range of physical settings. This includes solid-state devices but also engineered systems, such as photonic crystals, ultracold gases and mechanical setups. It is the aim of this review to offer, for the first time, a unified view on these various forms of artificial electromagnetic fields and spin–orbit couplings for matter and light. This topical review provides a general introduction to the universal concept of engineered gauge fields, in a form that is accessible to young researchers entering the field. Moreover, this work aims to connect different communities, by revealing explicit links between the diverse forms and realizations of artificial gauge fields.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Les champs de jauge artificiels sont aujourd'hui réalisés dans une large gamme d'environnements physiques. Ceci inclut les dispositifs relatifs à la physique de l'état solide, mais aussi les systèmes « synthétiques » tels que les cristaux photoniques, les gaz ultrafroids et les systèmes mécaniques. C'est l'objet de cette revue d'offrir, pour la première fois, une vision unifiée de ces diverses formes de champs électromagnétiques artificiels et de couplages spin-orbite pour la matière et la lumière. Cette revue d'actualité fournit une introduction générale au concept universel de champ de jauge artificiel, dans une forme qui soit accessible aux jeunes chercheurs abordant le domaine. De plus, ce travail ambitionne de connecter différentes communautés, en révélant les liens explicites entre les différentes formes et réalisations de champs de jauge artificiels.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Keywords : Gauge fields, Quantum simulation, Condensed matter

Mots-clés : Champs de jauge, Simulation quantique, Matière condensée

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