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Comptes Rendus Physique
Volume 17, n° 8
pages 908-919 (octobre 2016)
Doi : 10.1016/j.crhy.2016.05.002
Soliton physics with semiconductor exciton–polaritons in confined systems
Physique des solitons avec des polaritons excitoniques semiconducteurs dans des systèmes confinés

Maksym Sich a, Dmitry V. Skryabin b, c, Dmitry N. Krizhanovskii a,
a Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S3 7RH, United Kingdom 
b Department of Physics, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY, United Kingdom 
c ITMO University, Kronverksky Avenue 49, Saint Petersburg, 197101, Russian Federation 

Corresponding author. Tel.: +44 (0)114 2224295; fax: +44 (0)114 2223555.

In the past decade, there has been a significant progress in the study of non-linear polariton phenomena in semiconductor microcavities. One of the key features of non-linear systems is the emergence of solitons. The complexity and the inherently strong nonlinearity of the polariton system made it a perfect sandpit for observing solitonic effects in half-light half-matter environment. This review focuses on the theory and the latest experimental elucidating physics as well as potential applications of conservative and dissipative solitons in exciton–polariton systems.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Au cours de la dernière décennie s'est opéré un progrès significatif dans l'étude des phénomènes non linéaires de polaritons dans des microcavités à semiconducteurs. Un des phénomènes caractéristiques des systèmes non linéaires est l'émergence de solitons. La complexité et la forte non-linéarité inhérente au système de polaritons en fait un parfait terrain de jeu pour observer des effets solitoniques dans un environnement mi-lumière mi-matière. Cet article passe en revue la théorie et les tout derniers développements physiques expérimentaux ainsi que des applications potentielles des solitons conservatifs et dissipatifs dans les systèmes de polaritons excitoniques.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Keywords : Soliton, Polariton, Microcavity, Waveguide, Exciton

Mots-clés : Solitons, Polaritons, Microcavité, Guide d'ondes, Exciton

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